Blog entry by Pankaj rk

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by Pankaj rk - Tuesday, August 17, 2021, 11:37 PM
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India is a large nation with significant distances between cities. A dense and efficient transportation network is required to foster social cohesion, expedite economic growth, and maintain security and territorial integrity.

There are five means of transportation: airway, railway, roadway, pipeline, and waterway. Each one has its own pros and cons. They're all in competition with each other. More significantly, they complement one another, becoming an integrated network in the process.

Railway

1. Railway

India's railway system has evolved to be the largest in Asia and the fourth-largest globally. Railways are recognized for bulk transportation of commodities across large distances when compared to other modes of transportation.

Because the freight rates are flexible and relevant, it is more cost-effective, especially when transporting large products or humans over long distances. If we take an example of goods transport services in Delhi region, rail-based mass rapid transit systems have gained traction since the launch of the Delhi Metro, a rail-based mass rapid transit system. As it is affordable from rags to riches.

Transportation of major routes by Indian railroads has facilitated safe, uninterrupted, and faster transit of goods.

2. Roadways

India has one of the largest road networks across the world. It is more cost-effective than trains. It is 25 percent less expensive, according to research.

Road transport is faster than trains and provides point-to-point service, resulting in pricing stability and customer satisfaction. The primitive and modern transport system of roadways is completely different. Thats why business community does not need to wait for wagons or transshipment because a truck has a lower capacity and is available 24 hours a day.

3. Airways

We can't brag about our airways as we can about our trains and roads since they are undeveloped and underused. It serves as a feeder or auxiliary mode of transportation.

By removing almost all spatial obstacles, air transport allows the fastest transfer of goods across long distances.

4. Waterways

Unfortunately, India's waterways are not completely developed, despite the country has enormous potential. Waterways enable autonomous mobility, unlike roads designed to accommodate all types of vehicles, causing traffic congestion.

As logistics support system is highly effective in transport system but in the case of canals and rivers, the speed of boats and steamers is severely constrained. Perishable goods that require fast movement are difficult to convey. 

Seasonal changes cause issues. Summer takes away at a depth of rivers and canals while winter freezes them. Rivers are notorious for altering their path of flow.

 

 

5. Pipe-lines

Pipe lines are specialized modes of transportation used to carry goods such as crude oil, petroleum, chemicals, coal, limestone, iron ore, copper concentrates, and natural gas.

Pipe-line transportation utilizes an all-weather method to convey goods. There is no time wastage because it operates 24 hours a day, seven days a week.

Though operating and maintenance expenses are low, pipeline capital expenditures are significantly greater, which is why a country like India has a short length